Do Votes Matter in the USA?

American polling place sign. Photo by momboleum on Flickr and used with Creative Commons license.

I used to think our votes were our voice. That our votes really matter.  After this last Presidential election cycle, I don’t any more.  Maybe at the county level, but not above there.  In my own State of California, we had Proposition 37 to label GMOs Officially, it failed.

If a company was secretly substituting your food for a laboratory-created, food-like substance, would you want to know before you bought and ate it? Of course you would. Polls routinely show that 90 percent of all Americans support genetically modified food labeling. So how is it that California’s Proposition 37, which would require GMO food labeling, was defeated so soundly yesterday?

The answer is a last-minute $45-$48 million advertising campaign by multi-national food corporations asking the state’s voters to vote ‘No’ on Prop 37. With 90% voter support and no legitimate reason to vote against the ballot initiative, it would seem that pure, old-fashioned, repetitive advertising carried the day.

Final vote

As of Wednesday morning, 94.8% of California’s Election Day votes have been counted. Here’s where Prop 37 vote totals stand (from the California Secretary of State):

  • Yes (support GMO labeling) – 4,194793 (47%)
  • No (oppose GMO labeling) – 4,723,681 (53%)

With roughly 450,000 votes still outstanding, the margin is simply too large for any last-second turn-around for those who support the initiative. Now, the only question California media outlets are asking is, ‘how did it lose?’.

Proposition 37’s reversal of fortune

Past surveys and polls of American consumers clearly show that as many as 90% support the labeling of genetically modified food. As detailed by the local Santa Cruz Sentinel, Prop 37 was leading in the polls with 67% support as recently as 9 days before the election. But by last Friday, 4 days before the election, support for Prop 37 had drastically dropped to just 42%. What Earth-shaking revelation was discovered that reversed surveys by 25% in just 5 days? Nothing.

But is that what really happened?  Not hardly.

Here’s a screen shot: https://s3.amazonaws.com/fooddemocracynow/images/sos_prop_37_6million_deleted.jpg Now you see 18,000 Yes votes, now you don’t.

Right now the votes for Prop 37 to label genetically engineered foods are still being counted. On Tuesday morning, Dec 4th, Prop 37 hit 6,004,628 votes on the California Secretary of State’s website, but this tally was quickly reversed within an hour of being publicized by Food Democracy Now!

Since November 6th, the vote count in California has been updated daily until December 4th, when the vote count hit 6 million for the first time. When contacted, the Secretary of State’s office stated there would be no further updates to the vote totals until Dec 14th when state law requires the election results to be certified. County elected officials only have until COB Dec 7th to submit final results so we need your help now!

At the same time, Food Democracy Now! has learned that a team of independent statisticians have detected “statistical anomalies” in the largest precincts of 9 counties, including Orange, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Alameda and San Diego counties.

We find this news troubling and think it’s important that the Secretary of State’s office know that we are watching these developments closely and expect honest and fair election results.

Uh huh.  The State certified the fraud.  To Monsanto’s delight.  California had another couple of initiatives to raise taxes, in order to cover the costs of Jerry Brown’s pet high speed rail project.  Working class people can’t fathom how they passed either when we have the highest unemployment we have seen in decades.

And then there was the Presidential election itself.  For those of us who followed the Republican year-long campaign spectacle, it was clear from the outset that the projected winner would be Mr. Obama.  It was also clear that Mr. Romney was the favorite of the Council on Foreign Relations crowd.  And then there was a true American grassroots Patriot who scared the bejeesus out of the CFR/ Bilderbergers.  Dr. Ron Paul.

So what did Dr. Ron Paul say that was so dangerous?

  • Return the federal government to it’s Constitutional limits.
  • End our 100 year contract with the Federal Reserve.
  • Stop going to war without a Declaration of War from Congress.
  • End the corporation known as THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA and return us to the Republic.
  • Revoke the Income tax.
  • End the War on Drugs.
  • Stop worrying about your neighbor’s sexuality.
  • Let the States individually handle their own problems.  The only federal intervention would be if Civil Rights were being denied.

And what happened?  The media ignored him and when forced to acknowledge him dumped ridicule on him.  The Republican Party machinery committed voting fraud in every State that had either a Caucus or a Primary.

How The Government and Media Cheated Ron Paul (VIDEO)

And I know on a more personal level this is true.  Three of my colleagues were delegates to their Caucuses, in Maine, Texas and Washington State.  They all testify of the fraud in voting and counting.  And the physical violence from the machine when Ron Paul supporters demanded transparency and fairness.  The one from Texas was a delegate for the National convention and resigned.  All have left the Republican Party.

After seeing this, it is going to take a lot to get me to vote again.

Chris Kyle Murdered

As a veteran, I certainly recognize that this weekend’s violence and killing of Chris Kyle were a tragic and sad event. My condolences and prayers go out to Mr. Kyle’s family. Unconstitutional and unnecessary wars have endless unintended consequences. A policy of non-violence, as Christ preached, would have prevented this and similar tragedies. -REP

From Congressman Ron Paul’s FaceBook Page

This is his explanation for this tweet, which has been highly criticized:

Ron Paul @RonPaul

Chris Kyle’s death seems to confirm that “he who lives by the sword dies by the sword.” Treating PTSD at a firing range doesn’t make sense.

Chris Kyle in radio interview.

Two observations:

1. Chris Kyle was an American hero of the highest order. And he used the sword because he was in the military, where his job was to keep America safe.

2. SEALS who served with Kyle said that using the gun range for persons with PTSD made sense. It put them around things with which they were “familiar” and was therefore a “very comfortable” environment.

So who was Chris Kyle?  Why were he and his friend Chad Littlefield murdered at a firing range?

Eddie Ray Routh told his sister that he killed former Navy SEAL sniper Chris Kyle and that he ‘traded his soul for a new truck,’ court documents say.

Huh?  The murderer want Mr. Kyle’s truck?  I’ve heard of less valid reasons, but not recently.

Kyle and Littlefield brought Routh to the range at around 3:15 p.m. Saturday as a form of treatment to help him cope with a crippling case of post-traumatic stress disorder.

Former soldiers and veterans groups have said that trips to gun ranges are a common form of therapy for vets struggling with PTSD. Shooting – and becoming re-accustomed to loud sounds — can be cathartic for vets who have spent time in war zones, veterans groups say.

Police said Routh shot both men several times with a semi-automatic handgun before taking Kyle’s truck and driving to his sister’s house in Midlothian, some 30 miles south of Forth Worth.

Three staff members discovered the bodies of Kyle and Littlefield lying at around 5 p.m.Both had multiple wounds and were covered in blood, WFAA reported. One of the staff members tried to perform CPR before police arrived.

So Chris Kyle and Chad Littlefield were trying to help Eddie Routh with his PSTD, and were killed for their efforts.

Who was Chris Kyle?

Christopher Scott “Chris” Kyle (April 8, 1974 – February 2, 2013) was a United States Navy SEAL and the most lethal sniper in American military history, with 160 confirmed kills (out of 255 claimed kills),[3][4] although these statistics have not been released by the Pentagon.[6]

American Sniper The Autobiography of the Most Lethal Sniper in U.S. Military History By Chris Kyle, Scott McEwen, Jim DeFelice

Despite the incredible number, Mr Kyle is still far from being the deadliest marksman in the world. That distinction goes to Simo Häyhä, a Finnish soldier who killed 542 Soviet soldiers during World War II.

Mr Kyle is a cowboy from Odessa, Texas, who was a professional bronco rodeo rider before he joined the Navy. He grew up hunting deer and pheasant with a rifle and a shotgun his dad bought him.

He never realized he was a good shot until he joined the Navy and got into the prestigious SEAL special operations unit.

For his deadly track record as a marksman during his deployment to Ramadi, the insurgents named him ‘Al-Shaitan Ramad’ — the Devil of Rahmadi — and put a $20,000 bounty on his head.

‘I thought to myself, “Oh, hell yeah!” It was an honor,’ he told Texas Monthly magazine when Army intelligence told him about his infamy.

But his Navy SEAL companions gave him a different name ‘the Legend.’

His most legendary shot came outside Sadr City in 2008 when he spotted an insurgent with a rocket launcher near an Army convoy — 2,100 yards away.

At that distance, 1.2 miles, he fired a shot from his .338 Lapua Magnum rifle. It struck home, knocking the man over dead.

. . . .

Despite the astonishing number of people he has shot, Mr Kyle says he has never second-guessed himself since the first time he had to pull the trigger on the grenade-wielding woman in Iraq.

For him, the enemy is a ‘savage,’ he told the Post.

‘It was my duty to shoot the enemy, and I don’t regret it. My regrets are for the people I couldn’t save: Marines, soldiers, buddies. I’m not naive, and I don’t romanticize war. The worst moments of my life have come as a SEAL. But I can stand before God with a clear conscience about doing my job,’ he told Texas Monthly.

He left the service in 2009, deciding not to enlist in order to ‘save his marriage’ he told his publisher.

Mr Kyle has two children and lives in Dallas.

Since leaving the Navy, he has started his own military contracting firm, Craft International. It provides military and law enforcement sniper training, as well as private security and protection.

Who was Chad Littlefield?

Chad Littlefield Courtesy of the Littlefield family/The Fort Worth Star-Telegram

Dallas News: The funeral of Chad Littlefield, who was shot and killed along with Navy SEAL sniper Chris Kyle at a gun range Saturday, will be held at First Baptist Church of Midlothian on Friday at 2 p.m., church officials confirmed.

Littlefield, who was Kyle’s neighbor and workout buddy, is survived by his wife and daughter.

Littlefield, who leaves behind a wife and children, was a friend and another veteran who worked to help people with PTSD, said Fitco Director Travis Cox.

Everyone pretty much knew who Chris Kyle was, but lets not forget his friend Chad. His wife is an assistant principal at middle school here in town and he also had a elementary school aged daughter. Keep the family in your thoughts and prayers.

Additional Info: Chad Littlefield was a true American Patriot. His love of country and compassion for our military veterans led him to work with his close friend, Chris Kyle, in the FITCO Cares foundation. They committed their time and resources to help men and women returning from combat fighting PTSD.
Link To Obituary: http://midlothianfh.com/Obituaries.html

Obituary Highlights: Chad Hutson Littlefield entered Glory on Saturday, February 2, 2013. As he tried to help another, his life was taken from him suddenly and unexpectedly. But, Chad was a Christian and spoke of his Savior often, so Jesus was there waiting for him and took him to the mansion He had prepared for him. Chad was born in Dallas, Texas on February 11, 1977 and graduated from DeSoto High School in 1995. He was proud to be a lifelong Texas resident. Chad was devoted to his wife, Leanne, and a loving father to their daughter, Morgan. Chad would tell you he was a “regular guy just taking care of business,” and was happiest spending time with his family and friends. His family and friends would tell you he was a “rock”, always there when you needed him, dependable and responsible, ready to grab you in his arms to let you know he loved you and everything would be all right. Chad was the Facilities and Logistics Manager for Eagle Labs, Inc. in DeSoto, Texas.

Not to belittle Mr. Kyle’s accomplishments, but I figured he would not have wanted Mr. Littlefield to have been remembered as his “sidekick”.

This is a very sad day for the families of all three men involved.

The Library of Timbuktu

Timbuktu – reality or illusion?

Timbuktu doorway

Timbuktu, legendary for being at the ends of the earth, at least in my native California.

Timbuktu was established as a trading centre near the Niger river, dealing in salt from the deep Sahara, African gold from Ghana (not the modern country of Ghana, but a North African empire of the Middle Ages), and finally, the slave trade, established when Arab raiders took over the city and converted its inhabitants. It prospered through its early centuries, thanks mainly to the fabled gold mines of west Africa, with the ore funnelled through the city.

The city was, the authors write, “the nexus of the trans-Saharan trade for more than 500 years … a trading emporium that prospered on gold and salt and slaves, whose reputation loomed so large that it attracted the avaricious attention of the Venetian traders and then of the sultan of Morocco.”

De Villiers and Hirtle argue that it is Timbuktu’s status as a centre of a tolerant form of Islam that means it has much to offer the world even in its faded state, having “triumphantly foregone fanaticism.”

The problem, they say, is illustrated by the city’s much faded glory.

Once a great centre of learning, its irreplaceable scrolls and treatises on Islam and its teachings lie mouldering in private homes and ill-kept public buildings. More is needed, the authors say, if Timbuktu is to play its part in helping to reconcile Islam and the West.

“Foreign money is helping, in a modest way, to preserve Timbuktu’s literary heritage – but why not do more, much more?” they wonder.

They suggest rebuilding the city’s once famed University of Sankoré as “a centre of learning at the intersection of politics and religion, as it was before.” That intersection, the authors say, contains perhaps the most demanding political issue of our time.

Timbuktu could have a larger role to play in expanding mutual tolerance.

Except that Mali is now the center of an international oil war.  US armed “Islamists” from Libya have invaded the newly found oil fields of Northern Mali and at least one refinery in Algeria.  Since both of these countries are part of the French Colonial Pact, France has taken over the “defense” of the region.

It comes just days after French President Francois Hollande declared “victory” in northern Malian cities. But the victory also had its price:

“I wasn’t home when the bombing began. I started praying when I learned my house was under attack. They ruined everything I had – my family and my livelihood. [My children were 11, 10, and 6]. They all died,” Idrís Meiga, a farmer from Konna, told RT.

Meiga’s story is not unique. In fact, it is becoming all too common to hear of similar tragedies in northern Mali.

“Some kids came running up to us and said their mom had died. I brought them to our house. Their mother died after an hour of clinging to life. The children have nobody else but us,” resident Abdul Kampó said.

Another story involved a mother who died from shell splinters, leaving three children behind – including a newborn baby.

Two young brothers drowned in a nearby river as they attempted to flee from the fighting.

These residents refuse to be persuaded by military claims of “victory.”

“People [in the town] say [French] war crimes must be prosecuted under the Geneva Convention,” Wancha said.

And while Hollande maintains that French military intervention in Mali will be short lived, the consequences of this war will affect the lives of these innocent civilians for a lifetime.

Meanwhile, airstrikes continue in Mali’s far north. Earlier Monday, 30 jets targeted training and communication centers of Islamist militants in the town of Tessalit.

What do the people of Mali think about all this?  From PressTV’s program Africa Today:

Press TV: Do you support this as a legal intervention, the President of Mali had asked for it , the French have citizens in Mali and they simply had to go in, the Africans weren’t ready?

Glazebrook: No I think we have to be very wary at taking the statements of the Western powers that they are there to stabilize the situation in Mali, we shouldn’t take that at face value .

The Western powers have proven to be liars time and time again and if we look at the results of their interventions, they have consistently been to create failed states not stabilized countries. They have turned Iraq into a failed state, Afghanistan, Libya and destabilization never stops at the borders of that they have targeted.

Press TV: But look at what Imam Mahmoud Dicko, the most senior Islamic representative in that country says thank God for France, these people were trying to import something foreign and tell us how to live Islam. Isn’t he the person we should understand and respect?

Glazebrook: Well there were a lot of people saying come on NATO in Libya and many of them now very much regret what they called for because they can see that actually NATO’s intervention hasn’t made Libya to a better place.

It has created the rule of the very same death squads and militias that are now roaming around Mali, in Libya. Do not forget that who caused the problem in Mali, where did these militias come from? They were armed and equipped just yesterday in terms of historical terms, just two years ago they were created by the French and the British– armed, trained, funded by the British, French and Americans. They have now destabilized Mali and what they are hoping to do is continue the destabilization into Algeria.

France is actually bombing them not to eradicate the threat but to push them northwards into Algeria. They are hoping to destabilize Algeria as well. The whole region is going to be destabilized.

So you are opening kind of question about are they there for the gold and uranium French companies in Mali, Nigeria and so on or are they there for the interest of the Africans?

Both of those presume that they are there to stabilize the country, they are not. They are there to destabilize and particularly to destabilize Algeria.

But what has happened to the fabulous Library of Timbuktu?  The modern equivalent of the Library of Alexandria, storehouse of ancient knowledge, did fall into the hands of those calling themselves Jihadists.  The Jihadists claimed to have destroyed it all.

A museum guard displays a burnt ancient manuscript at the Ahmed Baba Institute in Timbuktu. The majority of the ancient manuscripts appear to be safe and undamaged after fears the site was gutted by fire

A local man, Abdoulaye Cisse, holds a book for photographers. Jihadists claimed they burned most of the holy books, but the damage is not as bad as feared

But before they could be rounded up, the rebels scattered into the desert, torching homes, mosques and libraries, including parts of the city’s £16-million Ahmed Baba Institute, home to some 20,000 ancient documents on culture, science and geography, as they left.

. . . .

Built by the South African government in 2009, the Ahmed Baba Institute was named after a Timbuktu-born contemporary of William Shakespeare and holds thousands of priceless manuscripts in its climate-controlled, underground vaults.

During their rule, the militants have systematically destroyed UNESCO World Heritage sites in Timbuktu.

A spokesman for the Al Qaeda-linked militants has said that ancient tombs of Sufi saints were destroyed because they contravened Islam, encouraging Muslims to venerate saints instead of God.

Among the tombs they destroyed is that of Sidi Mahmoudou, a saint who died in 955, according to the UNESCO website.

One of the manuscripts. They are so culturally and historically significant they have been compared to the Dead Sea Scrolls

Owners have succeeded in removing some of the manuscripts from Timbuktu to save them, while others have been carefully hidden away from the Islamists.

With its cultural treasures, Timbuktu had previously been a destination for adventurous tourists and international scholars.

Extreme Islamist movements across the world have developed a reputation for the destruction of historic artifacts, monuments and buildings, such as the Bamiyan buddha statues in Afghanistan.

Speaking by phone earlier this week, city mayor Ousmane Halle said: ‘They torched all the important ancient manuscripts. The ancient books of geography and science. It is the history of Timbuktu, of its people.’

There has been incredible damage done.  But it has not been a total loss.  And for that the world can be thankful.

Involuntary Sterilization of Women

The world’s eugenicists have found a few other ways to reduce the fertility of the masses.  People who are poor, sickly, disabled or have darker skin are and have always been their targets.  Yesterday I discussed how that vaccines have been co-opted as the sterilization method-of-choice.  Today I discuss how it is being implemented, and who the targets are.

Today, rabbis across the US are silent as the Nuremberg Code is being dismantled. From Nurses and the sterilization experiments of Auschwitz: a postmodernist perspective:

“The Nuremberg code originated because of some of humanity’s darkest deeds. …. these principles — though now expanded several times in the Declarations of Helsinki (1964 and 1975, with further revisions in 1983 and 1989) and the Belmont Report (1979) — were created to protect people from inhumane treatment carried out in the name of scientific research. If these principles are fully adhered to, people should be protected from experiments without scientific merit and without full understanding and consent.”

Rabbis are aware of Mengele’s experiments on twins, perhaps of other hideous experiments done to Auschwitz prisoners, but seem unaware of or to have forgotten one specific type of medical experiment – the sterilization experiments done with untested, unknown vaccines, on Jewish women who could not say no.

“Auschwitz was the largest and one of the most infamous of the camps and the site of numerous ‘medical’ experiments. This historical study uses primary source documents obtained from archives in England and Germany to describe one type of experiment carried out at Auschwitz — the sterilization experiments…

“The purpose of these experiments was to perfect a technique in which non-Aryans could be prevented from reproducing while still being able to work as slave laborers.”

This video describes how Native American women were targeted.

The hospital records show that both tubal ligation and hysterectomies were used in sterilization. Dr. Uri commented: “In normal medical practice, hysterectomies are rare in women of child bearing age unless there is cancer or other medical problems” (Akwesasne Notes, 1974: 22). Besides the questionable surgery techniques being allowed to take place, there was also the charge of harassment in obtaining consent forms.

In an incident of harassment at the Claremore facility, one woman was told by social workers and other hospital personnel that she was a bad mother and they would have to take away her children. They would then place the children in foster homes if she did not agree to the surgery (Akwesasne Notes, 1974: 22).

In one study conducted on the Navajo Reservation and sponsored by the PHS, researchers (who may have ignored the reports of such questionable sterilization procedures, or subtly adjusted their language to satisfy their sponsors) reported:
From 1972 to 1978 we observe a 130 per cent increase in the number of induced abortions performed. During this time the ratio of abortions per 1,000 deliveries has increased from approximately 34 to 77 (an increase of 126 per cent) (Temkin-Greener, 1981: 405). While not exactly within the confines of sterilization, the numbers indicate that the family planning program on the Navajo Reservation was definitely acquiring federal funds to carry on such a massive project.

The statistics concerning Navajo sterilization are just as interesting:
Between 1972 and 1978 the percentage of interval sterilization has more than doubled from 15.1 per cent in 1972 to 30.7 per cent in 1978 (Temkin-Greener, 1981: 406).

The report itself is clinical and methodical; however, the researchers did comment slightly about the relationship between patient and physician: Older women who become pregnant may be much less concerned about reducing their childbearing and may do so primarily when they are influenced by health care providers (Temkin-Greener, 1981: 406). There is room for speculation concerning how much influence these providers stressed in light of previously mentioned charges of harassment and deceit.

Once the word of sterilization spread through Indian Country, some tribal leaders carried on their own investigation. Marie Sanchez, a tribal judge of the Northern Cheyenne Reservation, interviewed 50 women, 26 of whom reported that they were sterilized. One doctor told several women that they each had several children and it was time they stopped having children; others were told that they could have children after the operation (Dillingham, 1977: 28). The values that American Indians have toward the number of children a woman bears are quite different than that of white America.

There are many Indians who feel that population control should not apply to them. They believe the federal government has done enough to limit the number of Indians on this continent, and the idea of limiting the number of children is based on what whites feel is a comfortable amount.

Other researchers have found these general feelings to be true in regard to limiting family numbers. One group of researchers gathered data on urban and rural Omaha Indians in Nebraska to determine if either group had different opinions on family planning. The team cited each group’s reason for having children as:
…the family economic situation, the ability to care for the children now and later, family happiness, and the feeling that the couple had enough children were valid considerations in a decision to delay or prevent further pregnancies (Liberty, 1976: 63-64).

The research team also noted that the:
…freedom for the mother to work, and the belief that a small population is good for the country, were generally not sufficient cause [for birth control] (Liberty, 1976: 64).

Dr. Louis Hellman, the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Population Affairs in the PHS, presented statistics confirming that 150,000 low income people were sterilized in the U.S. from federal grants (Akwesasne Notes, 1977: 22). These funds allowed the states to be reimbursed for up to 90 percent of the cost of indigent women. A report from the HEW states:
Voluntary sterilization is legal in all states. Although most states have no statute regulating voluntary sterilization, over half authorize the procedure either explicitly by statute, attorney general’s opinion, judicial decision or policies of Health and Welfare department or implicitly through consent requirements…(DHEW report, 1978: 89).

Because the states themselves are not following any set policies, it would stand to reason that IHS certainly does not either, and that is the evidence which reveals mismanagement of resources and people.

The HEW policies and programs regarding sterilization have been in place since 1966. Akwesasne Notes quoted the statistics released by HEW:
HEW now funds 90% of the sterilization cost of poor people. Since 1970, female sterilization in the U.S. has increased almost 300%. From 192,000 to 548,000 performed each year” (Akwesasne Notes, 1977: 31).

Researchers on the Navajo Reservation observed that the trend toward more female sterilizations had to do with the providers. The providers were responsible for the huge increase of people coming in and “agreeing” to surgery. The team further stated that the pattern of childbearing on the Navajo Reservation was very similar to those in developing countries (Temkin-Greener, 1981: 406). The exact meaning of the statement is unknown; however, there are examples of child bearing patterns that may shed light on their remarks: Between 1963 and 1965 more than 400, 000 Colombian women were sterilized in a program funded by the Rockefeller Foundation. In Bolivia, a U.S. imposed population control program administered by the Peace Corps sterilized Quechua Indian women without their knowledge or consent…(Akwesasne Notes, 1977: 31). In 1967 the American Public Health Association and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists conducted a study and found that 54 percent of the teaching hospitals nation-wide “…made sterilization a requirement for winning approval for an abortion” (Weisbord, 1975: 155).

The following statement further illustrates the paternalistic and authoritative attitude that many physicians have toward women:
Persons in the lower educational classes rely more on such operations [hysterectomies]; they have been least likely to control their fertility in other ways, and doctors may finally suggest this method (Westoff, 1971: 56).

A recent study [2002] conducted by the Philippine Medical Association on behalf of the Philippine Department of Health revealed that almost 20 percent of the tetanus vaccine sampled positive for the hormone human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG), according to Human Life International. Vaccines containing the hormone immunize women not only against tetanus but also against pregnancy by inducing the body’s immune system to attack the hormone needed to bring an unborn child to term.

continuing

The tetanus vaccine tested in the Philippines was imported as part of a program against neonatal tetanus sponsored by the WHO. Similar vaccination protocols have also been observed in WHO programs administered in Mexico and Nicaragua. Tests of the vaccine in Mexico yielded similar results but none of those tests was performed as part of an actual investigation into the contamination.

So, we now have Thailand tribe members, the Philippines, Mexico, Nicaragua.  Let’s see where else:

In 1987, UNICEF officially endorsed “good quality abortion services” at the International Conference on Better Health for Women and Children in Nairobi, Kenya.
– In 1993, UNICEF boosted its quiet contribution to UNFPA’s open support for China’s “one-child family” policy—Beijing’s program to shrink its population with coerced sterilizations, late-term abortions and sometimes infanticide—from $2 million to $5 million.
– In 1995, the Catholic Women’s League of the Philippines won a court order halting a UNICEF anti-tetanus program because the vaccine had been laced with B-hCG, a hormone that sterilizes and causes miscarriages in its recipients. The Supreme Court of the Philippines found the surreptitious sterilization program had already vaccinated three million women, aged 12 to 45. B-hCG-laced vaccine was also found in at least four other developing countries.
– In its 1997 State of the World’s Children report, UNICEF praised China as the most “baby-friendly” nation in the world, solely because of its legislation, despite widely distributed video documentation of “dying rooms” of starving babies in Chinese orphanages and widespread child labour.
– Also in 1997, the Vatican stopped its symbolic UNICEF donation, since the agency refused to provide a detailed accounting of its population control and pro-abortion programs.
– In 2000, UNICEF awarded Ted Turner with its Trick or Treat Partner Award, for his multimillion-dollar support of global population control programs.

29 countries eliminated MNT between 2000 & January 2013 — UNICEF

From the UNICEF website:

Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus Elimination Initiative:

The World Health Assembly first called for elimination of neonatal tetanus in 1989. In 1999, the goal was expanded to include elimination of the maternal tetanus. At that time, there were 57 countries that had still not eliminated MNT. The figure today stands at 59 with inclusion of Timor Leste in 2002 and South Sudan in 2011.

The goal of the initiative is to eliminate maternal and neonatal tetanus (MNT) through focus on the TT-SIAs. As of January 2013, 29 of these countries had achieved MNT elimination leaving 30 countries that still have not eliminated the disease.

 

MNT elimination in a country is defined as neonatal tetanus rate of less than one case of neonatal tetanus per 1000 live births in every district of the country. UNICEF and WHO’s role in this global effort is:
To advocate with partners including the national governments to commit to the goal of MNT elimination and support it through allocation of needed resources
To fund raise for the initiative to meet the gaps in funding needs for the target countries
To support national ministries of health in preparing technically and financially sound plan
To procure and deliver the TT vaccines and injections supplies for the campaigns and ensure cold chain maintenance
To provide technical assistance for implementation of high quality campaigns
To monitor progress towards MNT elimination
To validate (usually through community based mortality surveys) if elimination level has been reached in a country following the country’s claim of elimination.
To work with countries on strategies for maintaining MNT elimination including strengthening of routine immunization

Progress

Through the joint efforts of partners much progress has been made between 1999 and January 2013:
More than 118 million women have been immunized with two or more doses of TT vaccine
29 countries (Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, China, Comoros, Egypt, Eritrea, Ghana, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Senegal, South Africa, Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania, Timor-Leste, Togo, Turkey, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, and Zimbabwe), and 15 States of India, all of Ethiopia except Somaliland, and almost 29 of 33 provinces in Indonesia have been validated to have eliminated MNT.
As of 2010, approximately 90% reduction of Neonatal Tetanus mortality has been achieved in the last 20 years.

Partners

UNICEF is committed to eliminating MNT as a public health problem, a goal shared by our partners, including the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Population Fund (UNPFA), Becton Dickinson (BD), USAID, CDC, Immunisation Basics, Government of Japan and JICA, Save the Children, GAVI, P&G (Pampers), PATH, RMHC, the Gates Foundation, UNICEF National committees and governments throughout the world. Recently, the Kiwanis International has joined the partnership.

That would be an admirable goal, if it were not being accomplished by hiding a sterilization agent in the vaccines.  29 countries named have been treated with the same vaccine to become MNT free.

More than 118 million women have been immunized with two or more doses of TT vaccine 29 countries (Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, China, Comoros, Egypt, Eritrea, Ghana, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Senegal, South Africa, Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania, Timor-Leste, Togo, Turkey, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, and Zimbabwe), and 15 States of India, all of Ethiopia except Somaliland, and almost 29 of 33 provinces in Indonesia have been validated to have eliminated MNT.

Let that sink in.  They have successfully sterilized many of those women and girls in those countries.  There are 30 more they are still working on.  Without their knowledge or consent.  That sounds a lot like genocide to me.

Hughes Syndrome Is Caused by Vaccines

One miscarriage is a disaster. Two is worse. Imagine the suffering of women who have 3, 5, 7 or even 12 pregnancy losses, and sometimes as late as the last few weeks of their pregnancy.

We now know that Hughes Syndrome is the most common treatable cause of recurrent miscarriage: depending on which study you quote, the figure is up to 1 in 5. Furthermore, late pregnancy loss, fortunately an unusual problem in pregnancy, is very strongly associated with Hughes Syndrome as is pre-eclampsia, placental abruption and intra-uterine growth restriction.

For the sake of a simple blood test, patients with miscarriage or late pregnancy loss can be tested for Hughes Syndrome. Treatment of these patients has proved one of the true successes of modern medicine, the successful pregnancy rate rising from a previous low of fewer than 20% to figures now in the region of 75-80% success rate. Treatment is with low-dose aspirin and/or heparin.

But there is more to this syndrome than just the heartbreak of multiple miscarriage:

Hughes Syndrome (APS) is sometimes called ‘sticky blood syndrome’. This is because people with it have an increased tendency to form clots in blood vessels (also known as thromboses). Any blood vessel can be affected including the veins and the arteries. Click here for a comprehensive snapshot.

The main symptoms of Hughes Syndrome can include any of the following:
Headache or migraine
Giddiness
Memory loss
Visual disturbance
Skin disorders
Thrombosis – DVTs
Heart attack
Stroke
Pulmonary embolism
Multiple Sclerosis-like features
Gastrointestinal disorders
Pregnancy problems

That’s a pretty frightening list.  And what’s more frightening, this disease has been found to be caused by Tetanus vaccines.

The tetanus vaccine causes a new disease known both as Hughes syndrome and antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). It’s an autoimmune condition that can attack any part of the body, though is best noted for heart attacks and killing fetuses. It’s likely that APS will become more common with the new generation of vaccine adjuvants now being produced.

The sufferers of (APS) are mostly women, and its diagnosis is often made as a result of multiple pregnancy losses. As is typical of new diseases, research is focused on finding a genetic cause, in spite of the fact that the connection with vaccines is well known and documented.

APS can also be diagnosed—more accurately, misdiagnosed—as lupus erythematosus, which is another vaccine-induced condition.

One study calls Hughes syndrome the “classical antiphospholipid syndrome”[1]. That study refers to similarities between plasma protein beta-2-glycoprotein-I (β2GPI), which is attacked in APS, and the tetanus vaccine. That is, the tetanus antigen has parts that are virtually identical to β2GPI, which is found virtually everywhere in the body.

Another study documents how APS can be induced in laboratory animals with tetanus vaccination[2]. Many large number of other studies document and investigate the connection between vaccines and antiphospholipid syndrome[345, 6, 7, 8].

These studies leave little doubt that APS is caused by vaccines. That should come as little surprise, since it was first identified as a disease during the 1980s. If this disease existed prior to vaccines, it was so rare that it was unknown. Now, it can take its place among a growing list of vaccine-induced conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis, macrophagic myofasciitis, multiple sclerosis, autism, and siliconosis. The list keeps growing and many believe that all these conditions should be included under a single name, autoimmune/inflammatory syndrome induced by adjuvants, or ASIA.

ASIA should also include Fibromyalgia, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/ Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME), Chronic Myofascial Pain Syndrome [possibly another name for macrophagic myofasciitis] which also appeared in the 1980s.  All have been treated as mental illnesses primarily, and the newest mental health guidelines continue to do so.

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Antiphospholipid syndrome is an autoimmune disease, which has only recently been recognised and defined. It is the most common treatable cause of recurrent miscarriage.

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So why are there adjuvants in vaccines at all?

Adjuvants were discovered by accident when it was noted that dirty—literally dirty, contaminated—vaccine containers produced better results in terms of a vaccine’s ability to create antibodies. It was literally the dirty secret of vaccinology, and led to the intentional contamination of vaccines.  The contaminants were relabeled as adjuvants.

Of course, there are side effects to adjuvants. The one that became standard, aluminum, is a known toxin. But, as long as it made the vaccine more effective at producing antibodies, the toxic properties of aluminum were—and still are—swept under the rug.

Other adjuvants had been tried, but all were even more toxic. Among the very worst were ones based on oils, Freund’s adjuvants. These were quickly determined to be far too toxic for use in vaccines, though they did find another marketable use. Freund’s adjuvants are now routinely used in medical research because they create the equivalent of human autoimmune disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis, in laboratory animals, which are then studied to find treatments for the human disorders.

Now they have found OMV adjuvants, which are being promoted as the safest yet. A recent report in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), discusses “a less toxic mixture of monophosphorylated lipid A species (MPL)” made through the OMV methodology. Notice that the emphasis is on “less toxic”.

The fallacious claim that OMV lipids are safe is based on their being natural. It’s that very fact, that they’re natural—literally analogs of normal body chemistry—that makes them so dangerous. Their injection can cause them to be seen as toxins—which, of course, in this context they are—which can result in antibodies being developed against chemicals that are naturally found in the body. An autoimmune disease is the body’s immune system turning on itself.

From one of the studies linked to the above article:

Using a mouse model, we showed that intraperitoneal injection of OMVs derived from intestinal Escherichia coli induced lethality. Furthermore, OMVs induced host responses which resemble a clinically relevant condition like sepsis that was characterized by piloerection, eye exudates, hypothermia, tachypnea, leukopenia, disseminated intravascular coagulation, dysfunction of the lungs, hypotension, and systemic induction of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6.

That sounds like a VERY painful death to me.  And yet, THAT is what is now being used in vaccines for human infants.

What about “just” aluminum [Al ] as an adjuvant?

Studies have shown that many aluminum-containing vaccines cause higher and more prolonged antibody responses than comparable vaccines without the adjuvant. The benefit of adjuvants has usually been observed during the initial immunization series rather than with booster doses.1

There are three general types of aluminum-containing adjuvants:
Aluminum hydroxide
Aluminum phosphate
Potassium aluminum sulfate (often called “Alum”)

The effectiveness of each salt as an adjuvant depends on the characteristics of the specific vaccine and how the manufacturer prepares the vaccine.3 To work as an adjuvant, the antigen must be adsorbed to the aluminum; that is, it is clumped with the aluminum salt to keep the antigen at the site of injection.4

Not all vaccines contain aluminum salts because an adjuvant may not have been needed, was not expected to increase the desired immune response, or was going to cause an imbalance in the immune response. For example, inactivated Polio Virus (IPV) vaccine, measles, mumps and rubella vaccine (MMR), varicella vaccine, Meningococcal conjugate (MCV4) vaccine, and influenza vaccines do not contain aluminum salts.2

The US licensed vaccines for children that contain aluminum adjuvants are 3:
DTP (diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine)
DTaP (diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccine)
Some but not all Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b) conjugate vaccines
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
Hepatitis B vaccines
All combination DTaP, Tdap, Hib, or Hepatitis B vaccines
Hepatitis A vaccines
Human Papillomavirus vaccine
Anthrax vaccine
Rabies vaccine

Inactivated Polio Virus (IPV) vaccine, measles, mumps and rubella vaccine (MMR), varicella vaccine, and influenza vaccines do not contain aluminum salts.

The very same article went on to say:

Macrophagic myofasciitis (MMF) is a term that is used to describe some findings that have been seen microscopically in some muscle biopsies. The lesions are thought to be caused by tissue changes resulting from the normal immune response to the aluminum-adsorbed vaccine. 9

The biopsy findings were originally described in a group of French adult patients who had muscle and joint aches and pains and fatigue.10 Although France is the exception, biopsies of muscle are not usually performed on muscles of the arm because that is where vaccines and other shots are often given. In addition, because muscle biopsies are quite painful, muscle biopsies are not performed on normal people—that is, there are no normal control muscle biopsies with which to compare the French patients’ biopsies.

Although the physician who first described the biopsy findings proposed that the aluminum-containing vaccines caused the symptoms in his patients10, most scientists believe that the tissue findings showed the normal response to the aluminum adjuvant; and many felt that the patients’ illnesses did not warrant the performance of a muscle biopsy. 11

Why would the vaccine producers be doing this to us?  Why would governments allow, even demand, this be done to children?

Population is growing at a rapid pace in many economically developing countries and there is a continuing need of an alternate method for regulation of fertility. We proposed several years back a birth control vaccine which induces the formation of antibodies against the human pregnancy hormone, the human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). These inventions are described in patents issued in India, U.S.A. and several other countries. (Ref. EP 204566, JP 62286928, CA 1239346, U.S. Pat. No. 4,780,312, CN 8603854). We describe now another invention which generates antibody response of a long duration against hCG after a single or a limited number of injections.

Whereas the possibility of controlling fertility by raising antibodies against hCG is known from our previous studies and those of others, the vaccines utilized earlier were conjugates of two or more peptides such as the natural beta hCG peptide of 145 amino acids linked to tetanus toxoid or other carriers.

It is their INTENT to make girls and women allergic to human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), the pregnancy hormone.

The anti-fertility vaccines that are being researched refer to the mode of action of conventional vaccines against diseases. They are based on the stimulation of the immune system, but unlike anti-disease vaccines which target foreign substances, anti-fertility vaccines evoke antibodies against the body s own substances like molecules. As a result, the body s self-protection is reprogrammed to attack targets the body normally tolerates. To that end, the targeted, normally tolerated molecule, has to be linked to a foreign protein, rendering the entire product foreign and inducing an antibody reaction.
Currently six variations of these vaccines are at different stages of development. Commonly identified as the most suitable candidates for vaccine development are certain molecules on the surface of the sperm and the egg, molecules on the surface of the fertilized egg and the early embryo, and human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG). The hormone hCG is secreted by the surface of the early embryo to remain implanted in the womb. If hCG is blocked, the level of progesterone declines and the blastocyst (fertilized egg 5 days after fertilization) is expelled, thereby terminating the pregnancy. Anti- hCG vaccine consists of a part of the hormone linked to a bacterial or viral carrier inducing the antibody reaction. However, researchers admit that it is not known exactly how immunization against hCG impairs fertility.
The prototype version of an anti-hCG vaccine consist of an immunogen, formed from a (synthetic) peptide of hCG conjugated to a toxoid carrier molecule, mixed with an immunostimulant, and suspended in a fluid vehicle.
Other more advanced approaches that have reached clinical trials are vaccines inhibiting the gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH), produced within the diencephalon. The diencephalon (hypothalamus) is a part of the brain that lies beneath the thalamus where the flow of steroid hormones is regulated. The hormone is involved in the fine-tuning of these steroid hormones. Because this vaccine, developed by the Population Council, brings the hormonal cascade to a total standstill both male and female recipients need synthetic steroid hormone replacement in order to counteract unwanted side-effects such as the loss of bone density. In women a reaction similar to an artificial menopause is induced.
The first clinical trials with anti-fertility vaccines began in the 1970s. Until early 1994, about 400 experimental subjects, mainly women, were involved. By far the most researched and clinical tested are anti- hCG vaccines. Two prototypes, developed by National Institute of Immunology (NII) and the Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP), are being tested on women in India, Australia, Brazil, Chile, Dominican Republic, Finland and Sweden. The NII has started experiments with live vectors. In order to prolong antibody response, beta- hCG genes were transferred into a vaccinia virus, which reproduces itself. The stability of the vaccinia, pathogen of cowpox, is controversial.

 

Abuse. Due to the lack of user control, the approach also bears a high potential for abuse. The method might encourage efforts to control female fertility for demographic purposes as it is easy for medical or paramedical staff to administer without a woman s full knowledge or consent. The design of anti-hCG vaccines allows the antagonist to be coupled with vaccines against diseases, i.e. diphtheria, tetanus or measles. As admitted at the 1989 WHO-Symposium, due to this potential for abuse, the method might even discredit health care and general vaccination programmes conducted in countries of the South.
Duration. It is generally assumed that the final product will be a anti-fertility vaccine, administered by injection or orally and lasting for one to two years. Once the treatment is administered it cannot be discontinued and women or men affected must wait until the immunological effect decreases. Though the WHO/HRP is considering counter-vaccines to “switch on” fertility if required, nothing concrete has been researched so far. In fact, when and whether fertility is regained depends not only on the individual immune response, but also on the ethnic response. Within the scientific community there is debate about irreversibility and thus “non-surgical sterilization” as appreciated effect.
Working. Clinical trials with women have shown that the differences in immune response is not only relevant concerning reversibility but for the effectiveness of the contraceptive as well. Thus it is reported that women in clinical trials with the Indian made prototype conceived and some even gave birth to children. Yet nothing is known about the possible ill-effects on the children of these vaccinated women, and no research on this is being carried out.

 

So, humanity has been subjected to birth control.  Without our knowledge or consent.  And many of us are heartbroken trying to have children when our bodies have been programmed to kill them.  Many more have serious illnesses that leave us crippled and in pain.  Just because some arrogant elitists wanted to reduce our birth rate.

WWIII over the Petrodollar

This video has the most concise descriptions of what is actually going on that I have seen since I have started investigating.  Please watch it.

Yes, Saddam Hussein was selling oil in Euros.  America didn’t care what he did until then.

There were weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, in the form of EURO currency. The petrodollar depends upon Iraq’s oil reserves to defend the United States dollar against the EURO and other currencies. In 2001, well before Iraq’s invasion, the dollar faced uncertainty as an overpriced, debt heavy currency against a new and robust EURO. In early 2004, the dollar is losing ground.

. . . .sensational snipets. General accounting practices, and world economic balance sheets are far too boring for the 6 o’clock news. Less than five percent of journalists in broadcast and print claim to understand economics, fewer understand how the US dollar / petrodollar fits into the global economy. Hence, it isn’t discussed, and the “war” against Iraq and Afghanistan turned into a media blitz or humanitarian issue without background information on White House policy.

The United States will flex muscle against any commodity threats against the petrodollar. A government or business standing in the way of “oil progress” would lose. In April 2001, the Australian dollar plummeted when Australia’s government and Foreign Investment Review Board rejected a merger between Royal/Dutch Shell and Woodside Petroleum. Australia’s dollar fell to US50.42, and Woodside Petroleum lost $1 billion market value on decision day. The fight for oil is second to religion as the reason and cause for war throught history, and yet oil itself is a relatively new commodity to consumers.

The United States dollar abandoned gold markets under the Nixon administration in 1973. The US media didn’t pay attention to such a bold move, because sensational headlines of the day were related to long gasoline lines, electrical shortages, and Watergate. Even 30 years later, consumers won’t read in newsprint why our dollar is dependent upon oil. Keeping oil priced exclusively in dollars was enough cause for waging war in Iraq after Iraq’s bold switch to EURO oil payments in 2002. The White House public relations campaign chose to pick emotional reason for invasion. OPEC, North Korea, Iran, and Russia now plan to trade in EUROs as the dollar continues to slide in value.

Economist commentator Sonja Ebron wrote, “An OPEC switch from the dollar to the euro would bring a quick and devastating dollar and Wall Street crash that would make 1929 look like a $50 casino bet.” This prediction was understood by the Clinton administration, but the Bush administration took action to boost the petrodollar.

With Afghanistan came the opium poppy as well.  The Taliban had declared poppy growing to be “anti-Islamic” in late 1999.  There was no crop grown in 2001.  America invaded.  Now there are ever increasing crops of poppies.

Afghanistan opium poppy cultivation, 1994-2010 (hectares). Information from unodc.org: Afghanistan Opium Survey 2010. Date 3 February 2008 Source Own work Author Brian74 [Brian74 grants anyone the right to use this work for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.]

But surely Qaddafi was really killing his own people like the press said? Hardly. The American CIA had to pay them to revolt. This is the report on the bright future Qaddafi had planned for Africa.

Saving the world economy from Gaddafi – Gold Dinar  [Video at link.]

The gold dinar was not a new idea. 

From the very beginning, Muslims used a gold coin called a Gold Dinar as their form of money. The Gold Dinar remained the official Islamic currency until the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in 1924… when it disappeared for 77 years.

But on Nov. 7, 2001 — less than two months after the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11 — the Islamic Dinar was officially re-launched by the Islamic Mint in West Malaysia and is now available to the public.

Although a beautiful coin, the Gold Dinar could pose a serious threat to the U.S. economy! In fact, its supporters believe the Gold Dinar will become the official currency of more than 1.5 BILLION Muslims worldwide. Now radical Islam is urging Muslims worldwide to drop the U.S. Dollar and adopt the Gold Dinar as their primary currency!

. . . . Back in 1997, there was a huge and devastating currency raid by the famous trader, George Soros, who leveled Asian monetary units and caused the major Asian economies to falter. It is true that some of those economies have not fully recovered. However, it is also true that history may point to this currency raid and raider as the germination of the seed for the uniting factor of Islamic economic power that changed the economic and monetary world.

On Jan 18 Forbes reported that Sell oil for gold, Mahathir tells Saudi Arabia … “Former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad said on Sunday that Saudi Arabia should sell oil for gold, not dollars, to avoid being “short-changed” by a decline in the U.S. currency … He suggested countries tally their total annual imports and exports and settle the difference at the end of the year in “gold dinars.”

Recent news supports the idea that the Gold Dinar, with support from 53 other Islamic nations, is a planned offensive against the use of the dollar as a settlement currency for oil. It is perceived, and correctly so, that the Islamic world is controlled via the use of the US dollar as the main settlement currency.

. . . . Last year SwissAmerica.com posted a ground-breaking story by Jim Sinclair, “The Gold Dinar: A Nuclear Wild Card,” which quoted the Islamic “AL-FATH AL-‘ALI AL-MALIKI” (PP. 164-165)

“This Fatwa considers paper-money to be fulus, because it only represents money and does not have value as merchandise. It follows that since Zakat cannot be paid in fulus, which has no value as merchandise, it cannot be paid in paper-money, which value as weight of paper is null. On this basis, it becomes clear the urgent need to restore the use of the Dinar and the Dirham as payment of Zakat. If the millions of Muslims who now make their payment of Zakat in paper money would do it in newly minted Dinars and Dirham’s, they will put in circulation millions of gold and silver coins into the mainstream of daily commercial activities of our communities. That single act will became the most important political act of the century, opening the path towards the establishment our own halal free currency breaking away from the usurious financial system. The return to the payment of zakat in gold and silver is an essential part of the reestablishment of Islam.”

Those are serious words and should not be taken lightly. You see, the establishment of a gold-based currency is rebellion against the IMF as it is distinctly forbidden under IMF rules.

Here is where the Gold Dinar story gets interesting — and even somewhat ironic to those who understand the Judeo-Christian principle of both tithing and the biblical requirement of just weights and measures in an honest money system.

Why does it matter if oil is purchased in dollars or Euros or gold dinars?  Currency rates are fair, aren’t they?  Hardly.

The dollar is the de facto world reserve currency: the US currency accounts for approximately two thirds of all official exchange reserves. More than four-fifths of all foreign exchange transactions and half of all world exports are denominated in dollars. In addition, all IMF loans are denominated in dollars.

But the more dollars there are circulating outside the US, or invested by foreign owners in American assets, the more the rest of the world has had to provide the US with goods and services in exchange for these dollars. The dollars cost the US next to nothing to produce, so the fact that the world uses the currency in this way means that the US is importing vast quantities of goods and services virtually for free.

Now THAT makes a big difference to the people who can print all that money with just a few clicks of a mouse.  Continuing:

This however would be a disaster for the US. Not only would they lose a large part of their annual subsidy of effectively free goods and services, but countries switching to euro reserves from dollar reserves would bring down the value of the US currency. Imports would start to cost Americans a lot more and as increasing numbers of those holding dollars began to spend them, the US would have to start paying its debts by supplying in goods and services to foreign countries, thus reducing American living standards. As countries and businesses converted their dollar assets into euro assets, the US property and stock market bubbles would, without doubt, burst. The Federal Reserve would no longer be able to print more money to reflate the bubble, as it is currently openly considering doing, because, without lots of eager foreigners prepared to mop them up, a serious inflation would result which, in turn, would make foreigners even more reluctant to hold the US currency and thus heighten the crisis.

So, we in the USA would have to pay fair price for imported goods, and actually have to pay our debts, and would not be able to maintain our standard of living.  I think the majority of us are already to that point.  But the wealthy would probably stand to lose a lot more than they have.

So far only one OPEC country has dared switch to the euro: Iraq, in November 20002, 3. There is little doubt that this was a deliberate attempt by Saddam to strike back at the US, but in economic terms it has also turned out to have been a huge success: at the time of Iraq’s conversion the euro was worth around 83 US cents but it is now worth over $1.05. There may however be other consequences to this decision.

One other OPEC country has been talking publicly about possible conversion to the euro since 1999: Iran2,4, a country which has since been included in the George W. Bush’s ‘axis of evil’.

A third OPEC country which has recently fallen out with the US government is Venezuela and it too has been showing disloyalty to the dollar. Under Hugo Chavez’s rule, Venezuela has established barter deals for trading its oil with 12 Latin American countries as well as Cuba. This means that the US is missing out on its usual subsidy and might help explain the American wish to see the back of Chavez. At the OPEC summit in September 2000, Chavez delivered to the OPEC heads of state the report of the ‘International Seminar on the Future of Energy’, a conference called by Chavez earlier that year to examine the future supplies of both fossil and renewable energies. One of the two key recommendations of the report was that ‘OPEC take advantage of high-tech electronic barter and bi-lateral exchanges of its oil with its developing country customers’5, i.e. OPEC should avoid using both the dollar and the euro for many transactions.

And last April, a senior OPEC representative gave a public speech in Spain during Spain’s presidency of the EU during which he made clear that though OPEC had as yet no plans to make oil available for euros, it was an option that was being considered and which could well be of economic benefit to many OPEC countries, particularly those of the Middle East6.

Was Madeleine Albrecht correct about it being worth the deaths of half a million children in Iraq?  The millions who have been killed by American carpet bombing in Afghanistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Libya, Pakistan and Yemen?  The people in Algeria and Mali who are under attack now?  The people in Syria whose government is being destroyed by CIA backed “resistance”?  The people of Iran?  Or the people of India, downwind of any possible nuclear attacks on Iran?

I don’t think so.  I think it is time for the Pax Americana to be over.  For the American people to get their boots off the neck of the rest of the world.  For the American people to earn their own living, and pay their way in civilized discourse with the rest of the world.

But to do this, we are going to have to stop WWIII.  Are we up to the task?

The Colonial Pact: How France Sucks the Life out of Africa

Territories occupied by France in various centuries. Map by: Kayac1971 I’m a creator of historical maps. [This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.]

According to Wikipedia,

In the 19th century, France established a new empire in Africa and Southeast Asia. In this period France’s conquest of an Empire in Africa was dressed up as a moral crusade. In 1886 Jules Ferry declared; “The higher races have a right over the lower races, they have a duty to civilize the inferior races.” Full citizenship rights – assimilation – were offered, although in reality “assimilation was always receding [and] the colonial populations treated like subjects not citizens.” [1]

The same attitude that Europeans in general had towards other races at the time.  France wound up with control of most of West Africa.

Following the First World War, and even more so after the Second World War, anti-colonial movements began to challenge European authority. France unsuccessfully fought bitter wars in Vietnam and Algeria to keep its empire intact, but by the end of the 1960s many of France’s colonies had gained independence. However, some remaining territories – especially islands and archipelagos – were integrated into France as overseas departments and territories.

This sounds good.  But did it really go down this way?

France’s mission civilisatrice left indelible marks on its former territories. Although Francophone African countries acquired statehood and international recognition at independence, they remain the chasse gardée of France.  Contrary to expectations, independence did not really alter the lopsided relations France established with its former colonies. Through a web of connections, links, agreements, and pacts, France succeeded in granting a “dependent independence” that continues to haunt African states.

This sounds more like the West African countries I’ve heard of.  But what did France do to accomplish this?

Just before France conceded to African demands for independence in the 1960s, it carefully organised its former colonies (CFA countries) in a system of “compulsory solidarity” which consisted of obliging the 14 African states to put 65% of their foreign currency reserves into the French Treasury, plus another 20% for financial liabilities. This means these 14 African countries only ever have access to 15% of their own money! If they need more they have to borrow their own money from the French at commercial rates! And this has been the case since the 1960s.

Believe it or not it gets worse.

France has the first right to buy or reject any natural resources found in the land of the Francophone countries. So even if the African countries can get better prices elsewhere, they can’t sell to anybody until France says it doesn’t need the resources.

In the award of government contracts, French companies must be considered first; only after that can these countries look elsewhere. It doesn’t matter if the CFA countries can obtain better value for money elsewhere.

Presidents of CFA countries that have tried to leave the CFA zone have had political and financial pressure put on them by successive French presidents.

Thus, these African states are French taxpayers – taxed at a staggering rate – yet the citizens of these countries aren’t French and don’t have access to the public goods and services their money helps pay for.

CFA zones are solicited to provide private funding to French politicians during elections in France.

Professor Mamadou Koulibaly, Speaker of the Ivorian National Assembly and Professor of Economics, sheds light on the economic devastation caused to the African member states of the CFA (Communauté Financière d’Afrique – French Community of Africa) zone through their continued link to the French currency – the Franc – in the past and today to the euro:

However, the French authorities have carefully tried to conceal in the African central bank statutes, measures that are sometimes preventative, aimed at avoiding a situation whereby the Operation Accounts become indebted on a permanent basis. Critical matters concerning the operations of the CFA franc are kept top secret and only French Treasury officials are in a position to give the exact amount of money belonging to the CFA zone countries held in the Operations Accounts. Only these French officials can give the level of remuneration as well as the cost of maintaining these accounts. The whole system is shrouded in secrecy; it is opaque and authoritarian.

The CFA zone economies are very vulnerable. The effects caused by the operational mechanism of the CFA franc are asymmetric: The most wasteful countries in the zone are able to use the foreign reserves of other more economically prudent countries. The monetary solidarity of the CFA zone countries benefits the richest of them and encourages the exploitation of the poorest in the zone. The existence of a stable and unified monetary system has not led to the emergence of an efficient and major banking/financial system in the CFA countries. Of the 107 banks within the CFA countries, 42 were declared bankrupt in 1990. The banking networks which were constituted thereafter are strongly dependent on the banks in metropolitan France.

France encourages the CFA countries to live far beyond their means. What difference can you see between Gabon, a member state of the CFA zone whose foreign currency reserves are deposited in France, and Ghana which has its own currency and is not a member of the CFA zone? Or between Cameroon and Kenya? Benin and Tunisia? The balance-sheet that you asked about can be found in the answers to these comparisons.

The general administrator of the International Organization of Francophone countries (OIF), Clement Duhaime (C) visits on October 9, 2012 the Francophone Village in Kinshasa. The OIF will open its 14th summit in Kinshasa on October 12.

And what is happening now?  When French President Francois Hollande spoke last October at the summit at the Democratic Republic of Congo, this is what PressTV had to say:

For decades, France has contributed directly to the violence and instability that has wracked so much of Africa. Coups, counter-coups, assassinations, destabilization and abductions – perhaps no other country among the colonial powers has afflicted the Earth’s largest continent with so much grief and ruination.

Through a French-imposed Colonial Pact, the “colonies francaises Afrique” were given a new currency, known as the CFA Franc. In all, 14 countries were obliged to adopt the single currency. They included Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea, Mali and Senegal in French West Africa, and Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo and Gabon in French Central Africa. The pact has persisted more than five decades after France granted formal independence to its African colonies in the early 1960s.

The level of power usurped from these countries by France through monetary control is astounding. All members of the CFA Franc are mandated to deposit up to 85 per cent of their country’s foreign exchange earnings in the French national treasury. France in turn has the right to invest this money in the Paris Bourse as it sees fit and it has the prerogative not to disclose to the African governments how much these investments earn. Not only that but the French treasury is able to lend the money back to the African nations with interest charged to them for the privilege of borrowing their own money. Moreover, the loans are capped at a limit of 20 per cent of the countries’ current public revenues.

It continues

As political commentator Christof Lehmann notes, “It is a scandal that under the French monetary system so much of Africa remains poor and starving instead of benefiting from the vast natural wealth of the continent and the productivity of its people. Through monetary dominance exerted by Paris, Africa is propping up the economy of France and in turn the economy of Europe.”

Lehmann also points out that history shows that any African political leader who tried to break the Francafrique system of exploitation was invariably liquidated by France through coup d’etat or assassination.

And now oil has been found in Northern Mali.  CIA funded Al Qaeda Islamists are trying to take control of the area through Libya.  The French are back with troops.  The violence has spilled into Algeria, another French colony.  The Americans are providing assistance to the French.

But at what cost to the people of Mali and Algeria?

Reverend Martin Luther King Jr

Rev. Martin Luther King Jr

I was a child when Rev. King was killed by the FBI. I was growing up in Central California Redneckville, surrounded by followers of Bro. John Birch. Probably the KKK as well.  I was aware that the men in my world hated him.  But the clips of what he said that were shown on the Nightly News were hypnotic.  He spoke to something in my soul.

This video talks about the particular issue he was involved in, and gives part of the speech he gave the day before his death.  The core of that message is still what is wrong with this nation.

[at 4:48]

You are demanding that this city [Memphis] will respect the dignity of labor.  So often we overlook the worth and significance of those that are not in professional jobs. Of those that are not in the so-called big jobs, but let me say to you tonight that whenever you are engaged in work that serves humanity and is for the building of humanity, it has dignity and it has worth.  You are reminding not only Memphis, but you are reminding the Nation that is is a crime for people who live in this rich nation and receive starvation wages.

[7:40]

Somewhere I read, of the Freedom of Assembly.

Somewhere I read, of the Freedom of Speech.

Somewhere I read, of the Freedom of Press.

Somewhere I read that the greatness of America is the Freedom to protest for our Rights.

Still powerful words 45 years later.  Still necessary words 45 years later.  The racial issues persist, but have been largely replaced by economic class issues.  And I think Rev. King foresaw that:

Beyond this, long-established cultural privileges are threatened in the next phase. We have seen in the effort to integrate schools, even in the more tolerant Northern urban centers, that many reasonably unbigoted persons assume a new posture with the introduction of unfamiliar problems into school systems where they have a personal interest. In the quest for genuinely integrated housing, the intensity of opposition from many who considered themselves free of prejudice has made it clear that this struggle will be attended by tenacious difficulties.

It is against this reality that the new period must be analyzed. Negroes have benefited from a limited change that was emotionally satisfying but materially deficient. As they move forward for fundamental alteration of their lives, a more bitter opposition grows even within groups that were hospitable to earlier superficial amelioration. Conflicts are unavoidable because a stage has been reached in which the reality of equality will require extensive adjustments in the way of life of some of the white majority.

There is no discernible will on the part of white leadership to prepare the people for changes on the new level. This is the program that is absent. No one has been told what slum elimination actually entails or what the transition from equality to opportunity really involves. One is forced to believe that the answers have not been forthcoming because there is no genuine conviction that such fundamental changes need be on any early agenda.

The slums are still there.  The poor who live in them prey for drug dealers and armed gangs of young men.  The violence is as bad as any during the reign of the KKK in the deep South, who by the way have NOT gone away.  The racism is more subtle, but still omni-present.  Chicago has the strictest gun control laws in the nation, and the highest violent crime rate.  Detroit is so bad that the police have distributed flyers saying “Enter at your own risk.”

We have a half black President.  Not one of our own ghetto boys, mind you, but the son of rich white woman and a Kenyan.  And he was just re-elected to his second term.  I personally haven’t seen any real difference between how he and his predecessor have handled things.  Lip service to equal rights, but no significant real changes.  But people in my local community cannot say his name without cursing.  Racism is still alive.

Freedom Riders marker

But there are signs of hope:

“You were always nervous because the KKK was out to destroy us, and they didn’t hide that,” said Samuel Williamson, another black Annistonian who was a little boy in 1961.

Williamson said race relations have improved today, but there are still deep divides.

“It’s not good but it’s getting better,” he said. There’s still a Klan presence here, he said, “you just don’t know who is who anymore.”

He lives on West 15th Street, about 10 blocks from the site of the bus bombing. The black community in Anniston is centered across the railroad tracks, in west Anniston. Like so many other once segregated black communities, there once were black-owned businesses and blacks owned homes up and down 15th Street. It even counts David Satcher, the first black man to serve as Surgeon General of the United States, as a native son.

Today 15th Street is a crumbling shell of iron and brick, like the rest of Anniston.

. . . . Richard Couch, an attorney and son of one of the men who attacked the Freedom Riders was there, and said that he is forever tainted by the sins of his father.  “It’s a stain against my name that I don’t want on my name anymore,” Couch said, tears slowly streaming from his eyes. “I would rather my name carry the legacy of someone who reaches out in love and peace than something that happened fifty years ago.” Couch was born three years after the bus bombing. But he grew up hearing about it. “It was always a point of shame in our family,” he said. Couch’s father, Jerome Couch, was a mean-hearted man with a blue pick-up truck who joined in the beating and chase of the riders.

Couch’s mother and father divorced when he was a young man. And he ended up being raised by his more tolerant and progressive maternal grandfather. He hasn’t talked to his father in more than a decade.

A few seats away from Couch at the reception the other night was Hank Thomas, a Freedom Rider who was on the Greyhound bus when it was torched.

Thomas spoke of reconciliation and offered his forgiveness to those that nearly killed him half a century earlier. And in a moment unthinkable just years earlier, Couch, the son of a racist and Thomas, the Civil Rights activist, embraced in a teary hug.

If they can forgive each other and move on together, then there may be hope for the rest of us.

Vaccines: What’s In Them?

Polio oral vaccine. PolioILLUSTRATIONCREATIVECOMMONS-1331097463-932

While I have discussed that vaccines really don’t work, I haven’t answered the question of what’s in them.  What are they made out of?  How are they made?

Today I found the Pink Book in downloadable form.  Also known as “Vaccine Excipient & Media Summary Excipients Included in U.S. Vaccines, by Vaccine”, it has 3 pages of charts listing all the current vaccines in the USA.  These are just the Diptheria, Tetanus and Pertussis vaccines:

DT (Sanofi)
aluminum potassium sulfate, peptone, bovine extract, formaldehyde, thimerosal (trace), modified Mueller and Miller medium
December, 2005
DTaP (Daptacel)
aluminum phosphate, formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, 2-Phenoxyethanol, Stainer-Scholte medium, modified Mueller’s growth medium, modified Mueller-Miller casamino acid medium (without beef heart infusion)
July, 2011
DTaP (Infanrix)
formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, aluminum hydroxide, polysorbate 80, Fenton medium (containing bovine extract), modified Latham medium (derived from bovine casein), modified Stainer-Scholte liquid medium
November, 2011
DTaP (Tripedia)
sodium phosphate, peptone, bovine extract (U.S. sourced), formaldehyde, ammonium sulfate, , aluminum potassium sulfate, thimerosal (trace), gelatin, polysorbate 80 (Tween 80), modified Mueller and Miller medium, modified Stainer-Scholte medium
December, 2005
DTaP-IPV (Kinrix)
formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, aluminum hydroxide, Vero (monkey kidney) cells, calf serum, lactalbumin hydrolysate, polysorbate 80, neomycin sulfate, polymyxin B, Fenton medium (containing bovine extract), modified Latham medium (derived from bovine casein), modified Stainer-Scholte liquid medium
November, 2011
DTaP-HepB-IPV (Pediarix)
formaldehyde, gluteraldehyde, aluminum hydroxide, aluminum phosphate, lactalbumin hydrolysate, polysorbate 80, neomycin sulfate, polymyxin B, yeast protein, calf serum, Fenton medium (containing bovine extract), modified Latham medium (derived from bovine casein), modified Stainer-Scholte liquid medium, Vero (monkey kidney) cells
November, 2011
DTaP-IPV/Hib (Pentacel)
aluminum phosphate, polysorbate 80, formaldehyde, gutaraldehyde, bovine serum albumin, 2-phenoxethanol, neomycin, polymyxin B sulfate, Mueller’s Growth Medium, Mueller-Miller casamino acid medium (without beef heart infusion), Stainer-Scholte medium (modified by the addition of casamino acids and dimethyl-beta-cyclodextrin), MRC-5 (human diploid) cells, CMRL 1969 medium (supplemented with calf serum).
July, 2011

Sounds yummy [not].  Let’s see what some of these things are in English.

What is Modified Mueller and Miller medium?

The procedure involves the use of a variant and somewhat unstable strain of Clostridiium tetani and a culture medium containing a pancreatic digest of casein with additional cystine and tyrosine, beef heart infusion, glucose, and inorganic salts. A high concentration of iron must be provided.

The “modified” makes it more stable.  Casein is a milk protein.  Cystine and Tyrosine are amino acids.  Glucose is the sugar that cells burn.  “Pancreatic digest” means that enzymes from the pancreas of an animal are used to break down this soup so the tetanus bacterium can eat it.  What animal is not said.

A basic medium’ constituted as follows served this purpose: Pancreatic digest of casein,’ 150.0 mg; glucose, 75.0 mg; cysteine, 1.25 mg; tyrosine, 2.5 mg; NaCl, 25.0 mg; Na2HPO4, 5.0 mg; KH2PO4, 1.75 mg; MgSO4.7H20, 0.5 mg; reduced iron powder, 2.5 to 5.0 mg; H20 to 10 ml.
The various components of the media were
added to 6 by % inch test tubes, volumes adjusted to 10 ml, and pH brought to 7.2. Following sterilization in flowing steam at 100 C for 25 minutes, the tubes were cooled quickly and inoculated with a loopfull of a 24 hour broth culture of the tetanus strain which was being used currently for toxin production. The seed tubes were prepared daily by inoculating a loopful of the preceding day’s culture into 10 ml of ordinary 1 per cent glucose nutrient broth which had been freshly heated for 10 minutes in boiling water and quickly cooled. Incubation was in an anaerobic jar at 35 C for 18 to 24 hours. The experimental media were incubated anaerobically at 35 C in a constant temperature water bath for about two days (usually 41 hours

What is Stainer-Scholte medium?  Where I G = 670 mg glutamate per liter, and I P, 240 mg. proline per liter the medium is 16 G 1P.  And it is the preferred growth medium for Bordetella pertussis toxin.

What is modified Latham medium?  I just happened to find the recipe:

Composition of the Modified Latham Medium (per 1 liter of the medium):

Polypeptone 20 g
Bovine heart extract 10 g
Glucose 8.0 g
Sodium chloride 2.5 g
Magnesium sulfate (heptahydrate) 0.1 g
Cystine 0.125 μg
Calcium pantothenate 1.0 mg
Uracil 1.25 mg
Nicotinic acid 0.25 mg
Thiamine 0.25 mg
Riboflavin 0.25 mg
Pyridoxine 0.25 mg
Biotin 2.5 μg
Vitamin B12 0.05 μg
Folic acid 100 μg
Iron(III) chloride (hexahydrate) 32 mg
Iron sulfate (heptahydrate) 0.2 g
(The pH was adjusted to 7.0 using 7N NaOH)

 

Fenton medium was so well hidden that I could not find it.  It is described as “containing bovine extract” which means something they took out of beef cattle.

“Vero (monkey kidney)”, “calf serum”, ” yeast protein”, even “formaldehyde” are pretty well known.   “Thimerosal” is also well known as a mercury based preservative.

Then there is “MRC-5 (human diploid) cells“:

cells taken from fetuses aborted in the 1960’s, 70’s and 80’s were used to develop what are known as Human Diploid Cell Strains (HDCS). Several HDCS were then used to develop and are still used to manufacture a number of childhood and adult viral vaccines. In fact, HDCS are quickly becoming the ‘growth system’ of choice for viral vaccines, over and against cell strains derived from monkeys, chick embryos, and others. . . .

HDCS refer to groups of human cells that maintain the normal human chromosomal number (diploid human number is 46, or 23 pairs) and characteristics, while dividing throughout their limited lifetime in a labratory setting. In contrast to cell lines, cell strains maintain the normal number of chromosomes throughout consecutive cell divisions, do not produce tumours when inoculated into humans or animals, and die after an innate number of population doublings. (1) Though research has been done with adult human cell strains, (2),(3),(4) HDCS used in viral vaccines were derived from aborted fetuses. (5),(6),(7),(8)

Here is the redacted version of the FDA’s approval of INFANRIX Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Acellular Pertussis Vaccine Adsorbed, REFERENCE NUMBER:  95-1773.  [No date was given.]

And here is the World Health Organization’s training module on their standards for producing tetanus vaccine.

Now for the real kicker:  If you combine the tetanus tetanus vaccine with chorionic gonadotropin it will induce female sterility.  And by using the  “MRC-5 (human diploid) cells“, you introduce chorionic gonadotropin into the mix.  How?  Fetal cells produce pregnancy hormones to prevent miscarriage.  The combined exposure makes the female “allergic” to pregnancy hormones, therefore unable to carry a child to term.

Welcome to the Brave New World.

 

 

 

The Precautionary Principle

The precautionary principle or precautionary approach states if an action or policy has a suspected risk of causing harm to the public or to the environment, in the absence of scientific consensus that the action or policy is harmful, the burden of proof that it is not harmful falls on those taking the action.

This principle allows policy makers to make discretionary decisions in situations where there is the possibility of harm from taking a particular course or making a certain decision when extensive scientific knowledge on the matter is lacking. The principle implies that there is a social responsibility to protect the public from exposure to harm, when scientific investigation has found a plausible risk. These protections can be relaxed only if further scientific findings emerge that provide sound evidence that no harm will result.

In some legal systems, as in the law of the European Union, the application of the precautionary principle has been made a statutory requirement.

Outbreaks of infectious diseases in honey bees, fish, amphibians, bats and birds in the past two decades have coincided with the  increasing use of systemic insecticides, notably the neonicotinoids and fipronil.

Outbreaks of infectious diseases in honey bees, fish, amphibians, bats and birds in the past two decades have coincided with the
increasing use of systemic insecticides, notably the neonicotinoids and fipronil.

To watch the documentary go here.  It is free-to-watch at the time of this posting.  It documents the serious effects of allowing chemicals to be introduced into the environment without prior testing.  And shows the clear benefits of the Precautionary Principle when applied to environmental or health issues.  And it makes a lot of sense at that level.

But is the Precautionary Principle always a good thing?  In America, we have had the concept “innocent until proven guilty” as the basis of our Common Law.  The Precautionary Principle says “guilty until proven innocent”.  Should we at least consider the ramifications before we leap headfirst into accepting it?

The Cato Institute has lot to say about it.:

In 1982, the United Nations World Charter for Nature apparently gave the first international recognition to the strong version of the principle, suggesting that when “potential adverse effects are not fully understood, the activities should not proceed.” The widely publicized Wingspread Declaration, from a meeting of environmentalists in 1998, is another example of the strong version:
When an activity raises threats of harm to human health or the environment, precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause and effect relationships are not established scientifically. In this context the proponent of the activity, rather than the public, should bear the burden of proof.

Further on they say:

Distribution

It might be tempting to defend the Precautionary Principle on distributional grounds. The Clean Air Act takes a precautionary approach, requiring an “adequate margin of safety” and hence regulation in the face of scientific uncertainty. At the same time, the Clean Air Act appears to be giving disproportionate benefits to poor people and members of minority groups.
Aggressive action to combat climate change might be more beneficial to poor countries than to wealthy ones. That is partly because wealthy countries are better able to adapt; it is partly because agriculture (potentially vulnerable to climate change) is responsible for a small percentage of the economy of wealthy nations but a large percentage of the economy of poor nations. It is also because one of the most serious health risks posed by climate change consists of an increased incidence of malaria, a nonproblem for wealthy countries. In the context of global warming, at least, the Precautionary Principle might be invoked to prevent especially severe burdens on those in the worst position to bear them.

Of course, it makes sense to be concerned with the distribution of domestic or international risks. The problem of global warming owes its origin to the actions of wealthy nations, and hence it makes special sense to ask those nations to bear a disproportionate cost of correction if poor nations are likely to be hit hardest. The distributional effects of global warming are among the strongest points in favor of aggressive regulation of greenhouse gases – at least if (and it is a big if) that regulation does not hit poor countries economically. But in too many cases, the Precautionary Principle, as applied, would have unfortunate distributional effects. The case of genetic modification of food is an example; here the benefits are likely to be enjoyed by poor people, not the wealthy.

So where would the Precautionary Principle be most wisely used?  Back to Wikipedia:

Fields typically concerned by the precautionary principle are the possibility of:
* Global warming or abrupt climate change in general

Extinction of species

* Introduction of new and potentially harmful products into the environment, threatening biodiversity (e.g., genetically modified organisms)
* Threats to public health, due to new diseases and techniques (e.g., AIDS transmitted through blood transfusion)
* Long term effects of new technologies (e.g. health concerns regarding radiation from cell phones and other electronics communications devices Mobile phone radiation and health)
* Persistent or acute pollution (asbestos, endocrine disruptors…)
* Food safety (e.g., Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease)
* Other new biosafety issues (e.g., artificial life, new molecules)

The precautionary principle is often applied to biological fields because changes cannot be easily contained and have the potential of being global. The principle has less relevance to contained fields such as aeronautics, where the few people undergoing risk have given informed consent (e.g., a test pilot). In the case of technological innovation, containment of impact tends to be more difficult if that technology can self-replicate. Bill Joy emphasized the dangers of replicating genetic technology, nanotechnology, and robotic technology in his article in Wired Magazine, “Why the future doesn’t need us“, though he does not specifically cite the precautionary principle. The application of the principle can be seen in the public policy of requiring pharmaceutical companies to carry out clinical trials to show that new medications are safe.

Oxford based philosopher Nick Bostrom discusses the idea of a future powerful superintelligence, and the risks that we/it face should it attempt to gain atomic level control of matter.[17]

Application of the principle modifies the status of innovation and risk assessment: it is not the risk that must be avoided or amended, but a potential risk that must be prevented. Thus, in the case of regulation of scientific research, there is a third party beyond the scientist and the regulator: the consumer.

So what are we, the “consumers” to think of all this?  The best explanation I could find is this:

There has been a lot written and said about the precautionary principle recently, much of it misleading. Some have stated that if the principle were applied it would put an end to technological advance. Others argue that it fails to take science properly into account, though in fact it relies more heavily on scientific evidence than other approaches to the problem. Still others claim to be applying the principle when clearly they are not. From all the confusion, you might think that it is a deep philosophical idea that is very difficult for a lay person to grasp [1].

In fact, the precautionary principle is very simple. All it actually amounts to is a piece of common sense: if we are embarking on something new, we should think very carefully about whether it is safe or not, and we should not go ahead until we are convinced it is. It’s also not a new idea; it already appears in national legislation in many countries (including the United States), and in international agreements such as the 1992 Rio Declaration and the Cartagena Biosafety Protocol agreed in Montreal in 2000.

Those who reject the precautionary principle are pushing forward with untested, inadequately researched technologies and insisting that it is up to the rest of us to prove that they are dangerous before they can be stopped. At the same time, they also refuse to accept liability, so if the technologies do turn out to be hazardous, as in many cases they already have, someone else will have to pay the costs of putting things right.

The precautionary principle is about the burden of proof, a concept that ordinary people have been expected to understand and accept in the law for many years. It is also the same reasoning that is used in most statistical testing. In fact, as a lot of work in biology depends on statistics, neglect or misuse of the precautionary principle often arises out of a misunderstanding and abuse of statistics.

The argument that it tips Common Law on its head is the one I am finding the most troublesome.  If we make people, companies, corporations prove that what they are doing won’t harm us before they do it, that is fine to a point.  What about unforeseen effects?

What about personal choice?  Do I still have the option to chose to use tobacco products, knowing that they will harm my health?  The choice to eat that juicy hamburger with fries?  The choice to share my home with a couple of cats who may carry toxoplasmosis?   The choice to live freely.

What about the legal criminal definition of “innocent until proven guilty”?  Are we going to flip that?  Are we going to have a new Department of Pre-Crime like in the movie Minority Report?

I think that we need to consider all the ramifications, and then use common sense in our applications of the Precautionary Principle.